Noble Prize is an international award or prize awarded annually for excellent achievements in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace, and economics. It is one of the most prestigious awards in the world. It is named after a Swedish inventor and industrialist Alfred Noble. From 1901 to 2017, 585 noble-prizes have been awarded. Here we are going to talk about some famous personalities of the world who have been honored with the noble-prize.
Marie Curie is better known for the theory of radioactivity and discovery of two new radioactive elements polonium and radium. She was the first woman to receive the noble prize. She won the noble prize not once but twice. She won the noble prize in Physics in the year 1903 along with her husband and physicist Henri Becquerel. She won the noble prize in Chemistry in the year 1911. She is the only woman who has won two noble prizes.
Founder of the theory of relativity, Albert Einstein won the noble prize in the year 1921 for his contributions towards the field of Physics. He discovered the photoelectric effect which states that an atom emits electrons when bombarded with light. This theory laid the foundation for many important discoveries and inventions later on. Undoubtedly he was an absolute genius and a great scientist.
Another popular name in this list is that of Alexander Fleming known for the discovery of an antibiotic Penicillin. The discovery of this antibiotic helped in treating certain diseases like diphtheria, pneumonia, meningitis to name a few. For this discovery, Alexander Fleming and his team won the noble-prize in 1945 in the field of medicine.
Martin Luther King Junior won the noble peace prize in the year 1964 for contributions in ending racial discrimination in the United States of America through nonviolent resistance. He was 35 and was the youngest person at that time to receive the noble prize. He was the leader of the civil rights movement fighting against racial inequality.
Werner Heisenberg was another great scientist known for his contributions to quantum mechanics. He won the noble prize in Physics in the year 1932 for these contributions which later led to the discovery of hydrogen allotropes. He discovered the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.
Rabindranath Tagore won the noble prize in literature in the year 1913 for his exceptional work Gitanjali which is a collection of beautiful poems. He is the one who reshaped the Indian literature especially the Bengali literature.
Mother Teresa received the noble prize for peace in the year 1979. She founded the Missionaries of Charity to help the poor and the needy and spent most part of her life towards this noble cause. She also received India’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna. Missionaries of Charity has got the international acclaim for serving the poor and orphans.
Dalai Lama received the noble-prize for peace in 1989 for his active participation in promoting world peace and tolerance as well as for his struggle for the liberation of Tibet. He currently lives as a refugee in Dharamshala, India.
Ernest Hemingway got the noble prize for literature in 1954. He has contributed a lot to the literary world. His literary work is enjoyed by all groups of people.
Last name in the list is that of Malala Yousafzai. She received the noble peace prize in the year 2014 along with Kailash Satyarthi. She is the youngest-ever noble prize winner aging just 17 at that time. She has also been featured in the list of the most influential people globally.
These were some of the famous noble-prize winners although the list of noble prize winners is lengthy. They are a source of motivation and inspiration to all of us.