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Equity Valuation Models – A Harbinger of Optimal Benefits for Investors


Equity valuation is an art. It’s not a science that contains long theories and also there is no single correct answer to what the value of security ought to be. But it is at best, an informed suggestion or recommendation. That is the reason it’s essential to know about the equity valuation model perfectly to get the optimal results in the finance field and make your investment worth.

Remember when an analyst uses the ‘equity valuation’, he or she describes one of many concepts that can fall under the umbrella term ‘value’.  We must be aware of different important terms, for example, various application, fundamental assumptions and all related to valuation. Well, this post will demonstrate you all these factors in detail. So, without wasting more time, have a quick look at these factors with us:

Different Applications Of The Equity Valuation:

Stock Selection:

In the list of numerous applications of equity valuation, one of the most common yet significant is stock picking. There is no denying the fact that in the world with vibrant markets, stock picking would be a pointless activity. All stocks would always be appreciated accurately and it would be quite tough to make extraordinary benefits from using money in such stocks. But remember we do not live in the perfect market where we can always get the expected results.

Thus, here to get the desirable results, the theory of stock picking will work. Usually, it is considered that because of investor elation or cynicism, the stock tends to be appreciated in the market than what they are really valuable. Therefore, if one has an aim to discover the actual intrinsic value of the stocks, they can get while purchasing in a depressed market or selling later when markets return to normal.

So, the conclusion is that any investor must always have their own approximation of the value of the stock, which they gain from their very own equity valuation model. They must regularly be on guard for undervalued stocks or as Warren Buffet puts it, “dollar bills which are selling for ten cents in the market.”

Listing of private business:

The private businesses and capital markets always represent a symbiotic relationship. Private businesses can get inexpensive funds from the capital markets, while investors find the opportunity to invest in profitable businesses by being in the capital markets. Yet when it comes to initially listing a private business and becoming a public organization, these often face few difficulties, such as:

  • What is the correct price for the investors to pay and for the owners to accept?
  • How do the owners and investors evaluate what the perfect value of the business is?

So, once again the art and science of valuation come to the rescue. By involving the equity valuation models, analysts can come up with at a relatively exact price supported by facts and data which is acceptable to both the counter parties involved in the trade.

In this way, it would be very correct to say valuing the business is a vital task to be performed by the merchant bankers when they want to take a company public.

Assumptions Made By Analyst In Equity Valuation:

There are many assumptions that are usually made by analysts for example:

  • Assumption 1:Going concern assumption: The first and most crucial assumption made by an analyst is that the company will continue to be in operation for the future regardless of which model is being used. This assumption is always applicable as every company wants to stay in business forever.
  • Assumption 2:Next, a significant assumption is ‘Dividend Payout.’ By observing the previous dividend payout of the company, it is usually supposed to growth rates and its free cash flow; investors make an estimate of what the dividend payout ratio for any given company will be.
  • Assumption 3:Last but not the least assumption for equity valuation is re-investment. In order to forecast future cash flows that can be 10 years down the line, the investors make the assumption about how to move so that the company can generate great revenue.

Different equity valuation models:

There is no wonder that in order to utilize the expected results, investors use various models rather than relying on the single model. This enables them to verify whether they are obtaining similar and exact measures of value from all the models. Additionally using the multiple equity valuation models increase the possibility of getting the best results without more hassle.

Therefore, using multiple valuation models is always considered ideal for come up with a valuation based on a single model.

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